T. Marsagishvili – INNOVATION PROCESSES IN ENERGY SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT. In book: THE EU EASTERN PARTNERSHIP PROG. AND PROSPECTS OF INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT OF GEORGIA
The western and eastern views on the matters of energy safety and environmental protection are considered. The European Union’s policy in the energy safety and environmental
management is an integral part of the EU’s energy policy being implemented since the establishment of the EU. This policy is a logical continuation of the policy of the second half of the 20th century of 20 Member States of the EU. Since 1957, the EU Member States have established a comprehensive energy safety and security policy strategy. Energy safety, as an organic part of power engineering development, is one of the key issues of the European Union policy. Lately, the EU energy policy has improved, particularly from the environmental protection standpoint. The related initiatives are aimed at combating the global warming process and their implementation is certainly targeted to protection of the world’s vital interests. The EU creates an internal energy market, widens the energy market by involving neighbouring countries into it, and facilitates their integration into the European space, both politically and energetically. From the eastern view, the situation is obviously different. The energy policy should not be considered in isolation from the country’s economy, social sphere, and the vital interest of the population. Regrettably, the energy sector is developed in the country against the background of the lack of priorities. As a result, the economic potential is rather low, development prospects – rather dim. In general, in connection with the power engineering it can be said that the country aims at exporting the produced electricity rather than use it for development of own industries. Proceeding from the country’s economic interests, the development of power-consuming industries and exports of the produced goods to the same EU seems to be more profitable than the electricity exports.